Experimental farms and research forest areas

Aula Dei Experimental Station (Zaragoza, NE Spain)

Public-owned 60 ha experimental farm, representative of rainfed and irrigated annual and tree crops in Spain.

Within INNOMED, experiment water deficit irrigation on fruit (peach) trees and olive orchards, will be carried out. A 14 years old 2.5 ha olive tree plantation with fully automated fertilization and irrigation in 16 independent sectors and a 16 years old 0.86 ha peach tree plantation with automated irrigation in 4 independent sectors will be used for field trials. Peach orchard is separated in different sectors. Four independent valves to experiment different irrigation intensity and timings. Drip irrigation. Sentek probes to 60 cm to monitor soil moisture. During the slow growing period, in May, deficit irrigation can increase quality of fruits. Olive production, intensive plantation, subsurface drip fertiirrigation fully computerized.

Alto Aragón reforestation (Spain)

Vast reforestation works were undertaken in the 1950’s and 60’s in the Pyrenees and pre-Pyrenees of Aragón, which are representative of similar works in mountain areas in Spain. Reduction of 25% of riverflow due to land use change, including natural forest growth, in the upper catchment. Reforested areas are not managed. Use of stable carbon isotopes in tree rings compared to atmospheric concentration. This is related to water use efficiency.

A reforestation area will selected in spring 2018.

Selectia Researh Institute of Field Crops (Balti, North Moldova)

Public-owned long-term field experimental farm of 18 ha, representative of the Balti region. Two plots of 3 ha each with winter wheat and sugar beet will be used for field trials.

Italy

Bonis catchment in the Sila Plateau, Calabria

Cyprus

Peristerona River catchment